Elephants are one of the most remarkable species on our planet. But what do you actually know about them? Hopefully our facts about elephants will make you realise just how fascinating and intriguing they actually are. With the species under so many threats, we think it’s vital to spread the word, to make people appreciate just how important it is that we don’t let them die out.
One of the best known facts about elephants is that they’re the largest living land mammal, but there is so much more to learn about these amazing animals. For example, the elephant has a brain that is very similar to our own in terms of structure and complexity. They have social and family bonds, have been found able to construct tools, and can cooperate with each other to achieve goals . Elephants live for some 50 to 70 years, and having a baby is a serious commitment, with an elephant’s pregnancy lasting almost 22 months.
Our elephant biology section covers elephant facts in the physical sense, including the famous trunk, large ears and tusks. Or if elephant behavior is more your thing, we have a whole category devoted to facts about elephants’ social behavior and communication.
Elephants have long been used as working animals, in areas such as industry, warfare, and for entertainment, which you can read about in our relations with humans category. Despite this they are one of the world’s most dangerous animals, and have never been truly domesticated. They have been known to attack villages, killing people and crushing houses, and can kill any other land animal, even a rhinoceros.
Aside from the young and the weak being vulnerable to attack from animals such as lions, elephants have no natural predators due to their size. The exception to this is, of course, humans. Whether hunted for their tusks, meat, for sport, or from loss of habitat, humans have had a devastating impact on elephant populations. Despite becoming a protected species, with severe penalties for poaching, wild elephants still live with the threat of extinction. Please consider adopting an elephant to help preserve such a remarkable animal.